Some key charters/declarations

. recent: ICOMOS -Florence Declaration on Heritage and Landscape as Human Values- 2014

. ICOMOS -The VALETTA PRINCIPLES for the Safeguarding and Management of Historic Cities, Towns and Urban Areas- 2011

. HOI AN PROTOCOLS for Best Conservation Practice in Asia – Professional Guidelines for Assuring and Preserving the Authenticity of Heritage Sites in the Context of the Cultures of Asia, 2001

. BURRA CHARTER-The Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance- 1999  – a worldwide reference.

. Charter for the Conservation of Historic Towns and Urban Areas (‘WASHINGTON CHARTER’ 1987)

. International Charter for the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Sites (‘VENICE CHARTER’ 1964)   (ICOMOS)

Papers, manuals

. “Managing Cultural World heritage – a key, recent UNESCO/ICCROM/ICOMOS/IUCN Open Access resource manual, 2013 [155p. pdf, 4.8Mb]

. “Understanding World Heritage in Asia and the Pacific – UNESCO World heritage Paper 35, 2012 [152p., large pdf, 14Mb]

. “Managing Historic Cities – UNESCO World Heritage Paper 27, 2010 [243p., large pdf, 24Mb]

. The Resources page of the Asian Academy for Heritage Management (AAHM) has links to the major international conventions, charters and management instruments on heritage (global and regional). It also offers a Heritage Impact Assessment On-line Toolkit (AAHM is a network of higher learning institutions from the region, offering professional training in cultural heritage management, under UNESCO and ICCROM guidance. UNESCO hosts the secretariat)

. Economics of heritage conservation: “Methods for the Economic Valuation of Urban Heritage: a Sustainability-based Approach“, AFD (French Development Agency) and University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne, Oct. 2012. (pdf, 4.7MB) [Original French version here]



The Penang Shophouse website (a joint initiative involving George Town World Heritage Inc. (GTWHI)and Penang’s Cultural Heritage Action Team– CHAT), contains an array of practical information on Penang’s experience and practice in Heritage conservation. It includes, among others, the Guidelines for the Conservation Areas & Heritage Buildings used in the UNESCO-listed Heritage zone. See also this page from the CHAT blogspot, recalling the three outstanding universal values which were emphasised by Penang to access its UNESCO Heritage listing. This is valuable material for the design of programmes adressing historic urban heritage conservation in Sarawak, for example in Kuching. (more links on our “Links” page)